|IPAQ||The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is used as a comparable and standardised self-report measure of habitual physical activity of populations from different countries and socio-cultural contexts.|
|PANDORA||PANDORA score: Patient And Nutrition Derived Outcome Risk Assessment . This instrument allows a simple comparison of hospital cohort regarding 30 day hospital mortality. |
|Clamp studies||The purpose of this Standard Operation Procedure is to ensure that the process of measuring the insulin resistance of a subject in Nutrition Centres is performed under standardised conditions
|Muscle tissue biopsy
|| This procedure is used to describe the technique of the muscle tissue biopsy with needle or tweezers, taking a minimum of 50 mg of muscle tissue in the external vastus lateralis muscle of the thigh for the study of oxidative stress and gene expression analysis.||—|
|NRS-2002||Nutrition Risk Screening 2002; The purpose of the NRS-2002 system is to detect the presence of undernutrition and the risk of developing undernutrition in the hospital setting. Patients are scored in each of the two components (1) undernutrition and (2) disease severity, according to whether they are absent, mild, moderate or severe, giving a total score 0â€“6.|
|Alcohol questionnaire||Alcohol use questionnaire, e.g. WHO alcohol questionnaire to measure volume as well as pattern of drinking.|
|FFQ||The Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) assess dietary intake. It can be self-administered or administered by an interviewer and consists of a list of questions regarding the frequency of intake of specific foods over a predetermined time such as a week or a month. FFQs may or may not ask the portion size of the foods investigated.
|GCP ||Good Clinical Practice (GCP) is an international quality standard that is provided by ICH, an international body that defines standards, which governments can transpose into regulations for clinical trials involving human subjects.|
|Impedancemetry||The impedancemeter can determine body composition by multifrequency bio-electrical impedance
|MUST||Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool is a five step screening tool to identify adults that are malnourished, at risk of malnutrition or obese.It also includes guidelines for treatment plan.|
|PEA POD||The PEA POD is an Air Displacement Plethysmography (ADP) system using whole body densitometry to determine body composition (fat and fat-free mass) in infants weighing between 1 and 8 kg.|
|SGA ||Subjective global assessment (SGA) is a validated method of nutritional assessment based on the features of a medical history (weight change, dietary intake change, gastrointestinal symptoms that have persisted for more than 2 weeks, changes in functional capacity) and physical examination (loss of subcutaneous fat, muscle wasting, ankle/sacral oedema and ascites).|
|SNAQ||Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ) are short screening tools that can be used by untrained personnel for early detection and treatment of malnourished patients.|
|Calorimetric chambers||Calorimetric chambers enable the accurate evaluation of energy expenditure and the use of energy substrates (proteins, lipids, carbohydrates) by an individual living under conditions that allow precise control of his physical activity and diet.||—|
|Double labelled water||Procedure for measuring carbon dioxide production with doubly labelled water.
|GPAQ||The WHO developed the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) for physical activity surveillance.The GPAQ covers several components of physical activity, such as intensity, duration, and frequency, and it assesses three domains in which physical activity is performed (occupational physical activity, transport-related physical activity, and physical activity during discretionary or leisure time).|
|Mass spectrometry||Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical chemistry technique that identifies the amount and type of chemicals present in a sample by measuring the mass-to-charge ratio and abundance of gas-phase ions.||—|
|MED Diet Score||The Mediterranean Diet Score includes nine components that are characteristic of the Mediterranean diet: it ranges from 0 (minimal adherence to l Mediterranean diet) to 9 (maximal adherence).|
|MNA||The Mini Nutrition Assessment is an assessment tool that can identify geriatric patients age 65 and above who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. It is easy to use, with only 6 questions.
|Photographic food record||Photographic food records with photos taken before and after meals are accurate to estimate dietary intake.|
|SF36||The Short Form (36) Health Survey is a 36-item, patient-reported survey of patient health. The SF-36 is a measure of health status.|
|Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis ||BIA (single frequency) allows the evaluation of body composition (fat-free mass (FFM), total body water (TBW)). There are several requirements: subjects should not have significant fluid and electrolyte abnormalities, it should be applied to an appropriate population, with age or pathology-specific BIA equations and established procedures.|
|DEBQ||Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) for assessment of restrained, emotional, and external eating behavior.||—|
|Adipose tissue biopsy||This procedure is used to describe the technique of the adipose tissue needle biopsy, taking 300 to 1000 mg of adipose tissue in the peri-umbilical region for histopathological examination and gene expression analysis.||—|
|Fibroscan liver investigation||Examination with FibroScanÂ®, also called transient elastography, is a technique used to assess liver stiffness (measured in kPa correlated to fibrosis) without invasive investigation. The technology measures the velocity of the sound wave passing through the liver and then converts that measurement into a liver stiffness measurement.